Resources

Below are useful links to publications and resources related to the key issues we work on: Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), Child Marriage and Fistula.

Please note that links to external resources are provided on this page to offer users further relevant information. However, FORWARD is not responsible for their content, nor does FORWARD necessarily endorse these items.

Useful links to other organisations working on these issues and websites which contain further resources are also available on our Useful Links page.

Additional resources are also available on our publications list

FORWARD Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) Resources

What is FGM?

London Child Protection Procedures with respect to FGM (pdf, 86 KB)

FOWARD FGM Fact sheet (pdf, 130 KB)

FGM Information Pack (pdf, 606 KB)

Female Genital Mutilation: Human Rights and Cultural Relativity (2001)

Female Genital Mutilation as grounds for Asylum (2001)

Female Genital Mutilation: Religious, Cultural and Legal Myths (2005) - In Collaboration with The Islamic Cultural Centre and The London Central Mosque

List of UK Hospitals and Clinics offering Specialist FGM Services

Metropolitan Police and FORWARD 'Stop Female Circumcision' Posters (pdf, 159 KB) in Arabic and Somali in relation to the Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003 (UK).

General Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) Resources

Female Genital Mutilation - A joint WHO/UNICEF/UNFPA statement (1997)

'Abandoning Female Gential Mutilation Prevalence, Attitudes and Efforts to End the Practice' - Population Reference Bureau (2001)

Statement of the World Health Organisation's Director-General on FGM at the Global Commission on Women's Health (1994)

Save the Childrens activities on FGM in West Africa and at the global level

Research on Organisations in the UK and Overseas working in FGM - UK All Party Parliamentary Group on Population, Development and Reproductive Health (2000) (pdf)

Female Genital Mutilation - Fran. P. Hosken

Natural Causes Peter Feibleman (1997)

Female Genital Mutilation: A Human Rights Information Pack - Amnesty International

Reliability of Self Reported form of Female Genital Mutilation and WHO Classification: Cross Sectional Study - Susan Elmusharaf, Nagla Elhadi & Lars Almroth, British Medical Journal (2006)

Country-Specific Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) Information

FGM in Africa

The 2005 Egypt Demographic and Health Survey has devoted a whole chapter, Chapter 16 to the issue of Female Circumcision

FGM in the US

FGC in the US Statistics 2000 Brigham African Women's Health Centre

Female Genital Cutting The US Federal Government's Source for Women's Health

Mutliple Countries

FGM Country Profiles -UNICEF

Individual Country FGM Reports - US Department of State

Female Genital Cutting Data from Demographic and Health Surveys, 1990-2004 - Measure DHS

The Gender, Institutions and Development Data Base - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (Includes FGM Prevalence by country and other useful indicators concerning Gender Discrimination)

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and Health Resources

World Health Organisation FGM Publications and Documents (including downloadable guidelines and training manuals for health workers)

Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Statement on Female Genital Mutilation (2003) (pdf)

Royal College of Midwives Position Paper on Female Genital Mutilation (1996)

British Medical Association - FGM Guidance for UK Doctors on Carinf for Patients and Child Protection (2006)

Female Genital Mutilation- A Royal College of Nursing Educational Resource for Nursing and Midwifery Staff (2006) (pdf)

American Association of Paediatrics Committee on Bioethics FGM Statement (1998) (pdf)

The World Medical Association Statement on Female Genital Mutilation (1993/2005)

Female Genital Mutilation and Obstetric Outcome: WHO collaborative prospective study in six African countries - World Health Organisation (2006). FORWARD Founder Efua Dorkenoo was a contributor to this study - read an article about this study here

Female Genital Mutilation Can Cause Infertility - New Scientist (2005)

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) Legislation and Asylum Resources

UK

Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003 (UK)

UK Parliamentary Hearings 2000 on FGM Report - UK All Party Parliamentary Group on Population, Development and Reproductive Health (pdf)

UK Parlimentary Debate on FGM as Grounds for Asylum - UK Parliament (Dec 8, 2005)

Scotland

Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation (Scotland) Act 2005

US

US FGM Legislation Female Genital Cutting Education and Networking Project

Legislation on Female Genital Mutilation in the United States - Centre for Reproductive Rights (2004) (pdf)

African Countries

FGM Legislation for 25 African Countries - No Peace Without Justice

General

FGM Legislation Female Genital Cutting Education and Networking Project

FGM - Governments Respond Resource Paper - WomenAid International

Centre for Reproductive Rights FGM Legislation Resources

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) Resource Pages

Centre for Reproductive Rights FGM Resources

UNICEF FGM Publications and Resources

IRIN Razor's Edge - The Controversy of Female Genital Mutilation (2005)

FGM - Religious Tolerance Organisation

FGM in Africa Resources - Afrol News

Child and Forced Marriage Resources

Click here to read the FORWARD Document 'What is Child Marriage?

FORWARD Child Marriage Fact Sheet (pdf, 110 KB)

Early Marriage: Whose Right to Choose? (2000) by The Forum on Marriage and the Rights of Women and Girls (pdf, 144 KB)

Ending Child Marriage: A guide for Global Policy Action) (2006) by International Planned Parenthood Federation and The Forum on Marriage and the Rights of Women and Girls (pdf, 318 KB)

Note: Details about Publications on Child Marriage by the Forum on Marriage and the Rights of Women and Girls are available on the FORWARD Publication List.

International Centre for Women's Research (ICWR) Child Marriage Resources

UNICEF Child Marriage Publications and Resources

UNFPA Child Marriage Publications and Resources Fact Sheet

Forced Marriage: (Civil Protection) Act 2007

Creating Partnerships to Prevent Early Marriage in the Amhara Region, Ethiopia - Pathfinder International (2006) (pdf)

Protecting Young Women from HIV/AIDS: The Case Against Child and Adolescent Marriage - By Shelley Clark, Judith Bruce and Annie Dude (2006)

Child Marriage Advocacy Tool Kit - International Centre for Research on Women(ICRW) (2006) (pdf)

Raising the Age of Marriage for Young Girls in Bangladesh - A Pathfinder publication (2006)

Harmful Traditional Practices

Fact Sheet: Harmful Traditional or Customary Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children - UNHCHR

A Plan of Action for the Elimination of Harmful Traditional Practices affecting the Health of Women and Children - UNHCHR (1994)

Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences, - UNHCHR (2003)

Mrs Halima Embarek Warzazi has produced reports for the UNHCHR on the Implementation of the Human Rights of Women, specifically on Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and the Girl Child, these are accesible here according to date published, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000 , 2001, 2002

Fistula Resources

Click here to read the FORWARD Document 'What is Fistula?'

UNFPA Campaign to End Fistula Publications and Resources

Love, Labour, Loss - A documentary film on obstetric fistula

International Human, Women and Child Rights Instruments

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)

European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (1950) (pdf)

Convention on Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage and Registration of Marriages (1962)

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) (1979)

African Charter on Human and People's Rights (1981)

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984)

European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1987)

Convention of the Rights of a Child (1989)

African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (1990)

CEDAW General Recommendation No. 14 (ninth session, 1990): Female circumcision

UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women (1993)

Resolution A/RES/53/117 Practices affecting the health of women and girls - United Nations General Assembly (1998)

Resolution A/RES/52/99 Traditional practices affecting the health of women and girls - United Nations General Assembly (1998)

Resolution A/RES/54/133 Traditional practices affecting the health of women and girls - United Nations General Assembly (1999)

Resolution A/RES/55/66 Elimination of crimes against women committed in the name of honour - United Nations General Assembly (2000)

UN Parliamentary Assembly Resolution 1247 on Female Genital Mutilation (2001)

Resolution E/CN.4/SUB.2/RES/2002/26Traditional practices affecting the health of women and the girl child - United Nations Sub-Commission on Human Rights (2002)

Resolution A/RES/56/128 Traditional or customary practices affecting the health of women and girls - United Nations General Assembly (2002)

Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (2003)

Working towards the elimination of crimes against women committed in the name of honour - UNHCHR (2003)

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